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animal welfare philippines

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• The Government is urged to use stunning methods which are the most humane, according to the species, in order to prevent distress to the animals. Certificates for commercial facilities can be revoked or cancelled for failure to comply with the condition that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain or suffering to animals (section 2). It runs an animal shelter that currently houses 45 dogs and 186 cats rescued from cruelty or neglect. Furthermore, there is a lack of clarity regarding the use of “scientific research”, meaning there is no differentiation between research into a species’ ecology and taking wildlife for research for cosmetics and their ingredients for example. Under Philippine law there are also inconsistencies. CONTACT US. • The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to promote humane dog population management, which relies on promoting responsible ownership, mass dog vaccinations and reproduction control programmes. This is concerning as the Philippines is a consumer, source and transit point for the illegal wildlife trade that is valued at an estimated US$1billion a year. Section 15 allows for the collection and utilization of wildlife for scientific research; however, it does not limit or clarify what type of scientific research is allowed under the Act. Under Administrative Order No. The does not appear to be any restriction in the law as to which animals can be kept as pets. Punishments vary depending on if a species is threatened, vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered. There are basic provisions on housing such as space, shelter and ventilation (section 3.1.9). The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 guarantees that any facility commercially using animals can only be licenced if they do not cause suffering to animals. 18 of 2008  provides provisions for slaughterhouses and other similar facilities in the humane handling of animals for slaughter. Animals in captivity, their owners and their related facilities are covered by the basic provisions of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. It is prohibited to inflict injury that cripples and/or impairs the reproductive systems of wild animals, or otherwise to maltreat or inflict injuries to wild animals. 15 of 2001, to address the welfare of working animals, aligning with OIE standards. However, there are challenges in improving animal welfare in a country where farming methods range from backyard farming to large commercial operations and where social and cultural attitudes to animals may inhibit efforts. Infrastructure in the country also presents challenges to improving animal welfare, for example, with respect to transport. Section 2 of Animal Welfare Act of 1998 requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in pet shops, stockyards, zoos and slaughterhouses), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. In relation to wild animals that are not captive, section 27 of Act No 9147 of 2001, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act, prohibits inflicting injury which cripples and/or impairs the reproductive systems of wild animals (27(b)) or otherwise maltreating or inflicting injuries to wild animals (27(h)). Similarly, while other animal care facilities such as kennels and veterinary hospitals have Administrative Orders defining a best practice (although they may be more than a decade old), there has yet to be one produced for private keepers of wild animals or zoos. However, regardless of the resulting condition to the animal/s, the penalty of two (2) years and one (1) day to three (3) years and/or a fine not exceeding Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (P250,000.00) shall be imposed if the offense is committed by any of the following: (1) a syndicate; (2) an offender who makes business out of cruelty to an animal; (3) a public officer or employee; or (4) where at least three (3) animals … The Director of the Bureau for Animal Industry is identified as the representative responsible for authorisation, regulation and supervision of animal protection issues related to facilities and transport in sections 2 and 3. The general anti-cruelty and duty of care provisions in section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 apply to wild animals kept by private individuals and birds are included in the definition of pet animal in section 1 of the Act.Administrative Order No. Â. Additionally, other Governmental departments and stakeholders are brought into animal welfare as an issue through the Committee on Animal Welfare, which is responsible for writing and maintaining the guidelines and standards for animal welfare in the country and for authorising scientific research on animals under section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. Such establishments are required to be managed by qualified staff, who are able to undertake behavioural observation to ensure that no pain or suffering is experienced by the animals (section 3.2.3). It is illegal to kill all other species except under specific named circumstances. The slaughter of animals for food is further governed by Administrative Order No. The Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards for animal care. Animal Welfare governance is spread across multiple Government Departments including the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. The Philippine Government has an active relationship with CITES and there is a mandate for CITES Management Authorities within the Wildlife Resources and Conservation Protection Act (2001). There are also national and regional Wildlife Management Committees and the recently approved Wildlife Law Enforcement Action Plan is aiming to improve protections for wild animals.Since 2004, due to a Presidential Proclamation, the first week of October each year is “Animal Welfare Week” across the Philippines. The order requires the attendance of two Animal Welfare Marshalls at each event as well as an inspection of all animals by a qualified veterinarian. The Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan includes initiatives and projects that will result in improved animal welfare for wild animal, however, this has not been translated into protections or provisions in law. Administrative Order No. For species such as the Dugong there are no exceptions to the protections provided such as maltreatment, capture and trade and their removal from their habitat is only allowed for scientific research (Administrative Order No. The Committee is required to inspect animal care and use facilities at least once annually and evaluate veterinary care, animal environment, housing, management including physical environment, behavioural management and husbandry.Section 15 of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) also allows the capture of wild animals for scientific research. The Government has put into place structures and legislation to make animal welfare a mainstream concern in the country. However, this requires prior approval by the relevant meat inspection authority and is subject to the authority’s conditions and restrictions. This includes castration that must be done using anaesthetic. There are enforcement mechanisms of imprisonment and/or fines related to the protection arising out of the recognition of sentience in the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 (Section 8). The PAWS Animal Rehabilitation Center serves as a temporary refuge for animals rescued from cruelty and neglect. 10 of 2005, penalties for breach of the law are aligned with the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to extend Administrative Order No. • The Government is encouraged to build on the recognition of the principles of the Five Freedoms that appears in the recent revision to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, and on the current regulations which make some provision for environmental enrichment, to develop more detailed regulations that provide for captive animals to be able to express normal behaviour and to provide for their psychological as well as physical well-being. It goes further to describe that ‘consideration must be given to how the animal is handled immediately prior to and during the procedure’. Section 5.2 of Administrative Order No. 40 states that euthanasia of animals should be done rapidly and humanely and includes a number of different methods i.e. 21 of 1999 (Code of Conduct in the: A) Euthanasia for pets/companion animals and B) Slaughter of animals for food.  It details that slaughter (as well as euthanasia) should be done ‘rapidly and humanely and must occur with the least fear, anxiety, pain and distress to the animals’. Animal welfare is recognised as an individual issue by the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, which also recognises the far-reaching impacts of animal welfare by providing that the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry may call upon any government agency for assistance in supervising and regulating commercial facilities (section 3). 21 also governs the procedure and methods for stunning and is repetitive in its use of “humane manner”. Act No. The final phase of the ‘Improved Animal Welfare Programme’ in the Philippines was completed in May 2013. This is required to be done through humane procedures at all times, where “humane procedures” means the use of the most “scientific methods available as may be determined and approved by the Committee”. Group activity workshop of the participants of the Consultation Meeting on the Creation of GAHP Inspection Checklist for Poultry held in Cebu City on May 29-31, 2017. Captive breeding of wild animal species should only serve conservation purposes and should abide by strict welfare conditions. Apparently, six years ago, when Kath turned 18, one of her first tasks as an adult was to reach out to an animal welfare group to lend her support–and she had already chosen, at the time, CARA. There are no enforcement mechanisms included in Administrative Order No. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to promote and provide resources for responsible pet ownership, relying on mandatory vaccinations and neutering programmes. The Individual is also in breach if they are unable to provide Rabies vaccination certificates for each animal being transported. • The Government is encouraged to adopt specific legislation, beyond Administrative Order No. Reaching out to her fans and animal lovers like herself, Kath was able to get the word out to Filipinos wanting to get a pet to, as much as … Under the order, small companion animals are defined as dogs, cats, birds, small reptiles and other animals that can be kept in the household. Chickens are required to be provided enough space for them all to lie down at the same time (Section 4.3). Administrative Order No. The Government is also recommended to revise and reassess all Administrative Orders that impact animal welfare to ensure they are aligned with modern OIE standards and current scientific thinking. The Committee on Animal Welfare is set out as being responsible for the guidelines and standards ensuring the implementation of the Act in the Philippines. Recommend to the BAI Director the suspension/cancellation of the registration/license of erring animal facilities. While the Animal Welfare Act (1998) provides general provisions for animal welfare of animals in captivity, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) provides animal welfare and anti-cruelty provisions for exotic species in captivity. Section 3 also allows the Director to call upon ‘any Government agency for assistance consistent with its powers, duties, and responsibilities for the purpose of ensuring the effective and efficient implementation of this Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder’. Although this wording is positive and is in line with good international principles on animal welfare, it is not currently reflected in the substantive provisions of the Act. Similarly, there is a lack of legislation banning inherently cruel and unnecessary practices such as fur farming, long-distance transport of live animals and testing on animals for cosmetics, including on wild caught animals. This goal examines government commitment to animal protection. However, existing legislation, including secondary regulations on the subject, is not sufficiently detailed and welfare-focused to ensure companion animals, both owned and stray have a good quality of life. Furthermore, the Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to ban cruel practices such as fur farming, keeping wild animals as pets and long-distance transport of animals. 9 of 2011, while regulating the methods of euthanasia for companion animals, allows it to be undertaken for the purpose of animal population control (Section 5.2.c), however it is stipulated that it is only to be undertaken by a licensed veterinarian. A veterinarian of AHWD conducting blood collection to Poultry (Duck) Farm for Local Transport and Farm Accreditation. The provisions also extend to exotic species both in captivity and in the wild. Given that the Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for writing standards and guidelines, it is inconsistent that the Philippine Zoos & Aquariums Association does not have representation on the committee. The Committee is “attached to the Department of Agriculture” and is responsible for implementing the provisions of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 through issuing “the necessary rules and regulations”, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture. This goal assesses whether animal sentience has been recognised in legislation and explores the core legislative protections granted to animals, such as the prohibition of animal cruelty. Religious and Ritual slaughter is governed by Administrative Order No. Beyond these, the only specific provision that is stated to apply to laboratories requires that handouts on the care of the animals must accompany every sale, which does not appear to be relevant to such facilities. 9147 of 2001, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act, makes provisions to protect endangered species of wild animals and regulate the collection and trade of wildlife. It is also prohibited to kill wild animals, with limited exceptions including when it is done as part of the religious rituals of established tribal groups or indigenous cultural communities. Although this wording is positive and is in line with good international principles on animal welfare, it is not currently reflected in the Act’s substantive provisions. 14 of 2004  provides rules and regulations for kennels, which, like other Administrative Orders from the Bureau of Animal Industry, embeds the Five Freedoms for animals in this type of facility. Its aim was to prevent future animal losses for communities whose farm animals were suffering in Haiyan’s aftermath through lack of shelter and protection. Permits are issued for periods of one to three years (section 20). Cultural traditions and societal practices in the Philippines that demonstrate a lack of regard for animal sentience, such as cockfighting and the presence of marine mammals in captive conditions present barriers to improving animal welfare and demonstrate a general lack of recognition of animal sentience by society.   Â. However, it also states that use of other, non-humane methods of slaughter are allowed if they ensure the animal dies in the shortest possible time. Chickens are required to be provided enough space for them all to lie down at the same time (Section 4.3). Permits are issued for three to five years (section 20). It is reported that there have been moves to give legal protection to the practice of cockfighting by having it declared as part of the country’s cultural heritage. Some venues for using animals in entertainment such as circuses or carnivals are regulated, but there are few animal welfare provisions. (02) 7577-7178 (temporary ECQ#) Please note that this number is used mainly for scheduling spay/neuter appointments, and is often busy. 12 of 2002  concerns the minimum standards for the welfare of chickens, which refers to the concept of the Five Freedoms and prohibits a number of practices including “wilfully or wantonly causing unreasonable or unnecessary pain, suffering or distress to the chicken”. In recent years, the Philippine Government has created a new Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2015-2028 (2015) and aligned Wildlife Law Enforcement Action Plan 2018-2028 (2018). 25 dictate that animals shall only be sacrificed using humane procedures or methods and should not be exposed to unnecessary pain or distress before or during the ritual. There are over 200 cats and 70 dogs at PARC (PAWS Animal Rehabilitation Center). While animals in this category are protected under the Animal Welfare Act (1998), supporting Administrative Orders for many animals under this category does not exist. 9147 as they can be farmed, however it is stipulated that they may be subject to other regulations from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Rule 3.3). Â. Section 2 of the Act requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in pet shops, kennels and veterinary clinics), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. Animals should be instantaneously rendered unconscious and insensible to pain and distress prior to slaughter. Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) PAWS drafted Republic Act 8485 or the Philippine Animal Welfare Bill. • The Government is encouraged to amend the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) to ban the commercial breeding, capture, trade and keeping of all wild animal species (include exotics) outside zoos. It states the aim of the order is to promote positive integration of animal welfare and humane practices in the use of animals during religious or ritual circumstances and well as to control the indiscriminate slaughter of non-food animals under the guide of spiritual, religious, tribal or ethnic custom (Section 2). Develop and maintain various breed registry databases and animal identification/traceability systems. • The Government is encouraged to incorporate a formal recognition of sentience into legislation, with appropriate legal protection based on that recognition, and to ensure that all animals for whom there is scientific evidence – at a minimum, all vertebrates, cephalopods and decapods crustaceans - are included in the recognition of sentience. Under Order No. 8 of 1999, there are further Administrative Orders governing the use of animals in some forms of entertainment. Plan and organize epidemiological studies as bases for sound animal health programs. The Philippines Animal Welfare Society. It is the purpose of this Act to protect and promote the welfare of all animals in the Philippines by supervising and regulating the establishment and operations of all facilities utilized for breeding, maintaining, keeping, treating or training … Therefore, animals should be unconscious before being bled, and no further processing should occur until irreversible loss of consciousness is confirmed. There is no policy or legislation related specifically to the rearing of dairy cattle and calves. We cannot exist without our fellow creatures and they need us. 15 provides some regulations for horses used as draught animals. The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 assigns responsibilities to Government bodies. Due to the significant animal welfare concerns associated with long distance transport, the Government of the Philippines is strongly urged to ban the export of live animals for long distances (i.e. However, this act also allows for wildlife farming, export and killing of wildlife under certain conditions without directions or limitations considering the ability of wild animals to suffer both physically and mentally. It is the purpose of this Act to protect and promote the welfare of all terrestrial, aquatic and marine animals in the Philippines by supervising and regulating the establishment and operations of all facilities utilized for breeding, maintaining, keeping, treating or training of all animals either as objects of trade or as household pets. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to amend the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 to explicitly add the abandonment of animals as animal cruelty and to extend the Act to protect animals that are not ‘objects of trade’ or household pets. Carbon Dioxide or Barbiturates, by species. 12 of 2002 farms with more than 40,000 broiler chickens are required to have an attending veterinarian. • The Government is urged to mandate the use of the most humane techniques for euthanasia, according to the species concerned, in order to prevent distress to the animals. • The Government is encouraged to enshrine the 3 Rs Principles – Replacement, Reduction and Refinement - in law. Develop programs and project proposals for the prevention, control and eradication of priority animal diseases and zoonoses. Section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 prohibits the maltreatment or use of animals in research or experiments that are not expressly authorised by the Committee on Animal Welfare.  Section 6 also provides that when an animal is killed after it has been used in authorised research or experiments, this must be done by humane procedure (defined as the most scientific methods available as determined by the Committee). 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